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2014 AHA/ACC guideline for the management of patients with valvular heart disease

A report of the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines
      The medical profession should play a central role in evaluating evidence related to drugs, devices, and procedures for detection, management, and prevention of disease. When properly applied, expert analysis of available data on the benefits and risks of these therapies and procedures can improve the quality of care, optimize patient outcomes, and favorably affect costs by focusing resources on the most effective strategies. An organized and directed approach to a thorough review of evidence has resulted in the production of clinical practice guidelines that assist clinicians in selecting the best management strategy for an individual patient. Moreover, clinical practice guidelines can provide a foundation for other applications, such as performance measures, appropriate use criteria, and both quality improvement and clinical decision support tools.

      Abbreviations and Acronyms:

      2D (2-dimensional), 3D (3-dimensional), ACE (angiotensin-converting enzyme), AF (atrial fibrillation), ARB (angiotensin-receptor blocker), aPTT (activated partial thromboplastin time), AR (aortic regurgitation), AS (aortic stenosis), AVR (aortic valve replacement), BP (blood pressure), CABG (coronary artery bypass graft), CAD (coronary artery disease), CMR (cardiac magnetic resonance), COR (Class of Recommendation), CT (computed tomography), ECG (electrocardiogram), HF (heart failure), HIV (human immunodeficiency virus), IE (infective endocarditis), INR (international normalized ratio), LA (left atrium), LMWH (low-molecular-weight heparin), LOE (Level of Evidence), LV (left ventricular), LVEF (left ventricular ejection fraction), LVESD (left ventricular end-systolic dimension), MI (myocardial infarction), MR (mitral regurgitation), MS (mitral stenosis), MVR (mitral valve replacement), NYHA (New York Heart Association), NVE (native valve endocarditis), PR (pulmonic regurgitation), PROM (predicted risk of mortality), PVE (prosthetic valve endocarditis), RCT (randomized controlled trial), RV (right ventricular), TAVR (transcatheter aortic valve replacement), TR (tricuspid regurgitation), TS (tricuspid stenosis), TEE (transesophageal echocardiography), TTE (transthoracic echocardiography/echocardiogram), UFH (unfractionated heparin), VHD (valvular heart disease), VKA (vitamin K antagonist)
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